What is an IEP?

An IEP is an individualized education program. The IEP is developed at the initial meeting when the child is found to be eligible for special education, and it must be reviewed at least once a year by the child’s IEP team. The IEP team must include the child’s parents or guardians, a special education teacher, a general education teacher, and a school administrator who has authority to make decisions about a child’s IEP. The school district must send a written notice of the IEP meeting to the child’s parents or guardians advising them of the date, time, and place the district will hold the IEP team meeting. The parents or guardians may request a different date if they are not available at the scheduled date and time. The district must provide interpreters if the parents speak a language other than English.


At the IEP meeting, the team will discuss your child’s strengths and areas of concern, formal and informal assessments, current levels of performance, goals, accommodations in and out of the classroom, modifications to the curriculum or specialized instruction to assist your child, placements that may be appropriate to meet your child’s needs, and support or related services to help your child benefit from education. Support or related services include speech-language pathology and audiology services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, social work services, counseling services, orientation and mobility services, medical services, sign language, psychotherapy, one-to-one instructional aide, transportation, parent counseling and training, adaptive physical education, specially designed vocational education and career development, interpreting services, and specialized services for children with vision and hearing disabilities. 


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